lördag, december 31, 2011



I celebrate my 1 year blog anniversary!

I found this photo of confirmation in Gällstad 1902 th.
The priest named Clas Alfred Lönnerblad
and the house is called Bondegärde and that is where the priest lived.

My grandmother Judith is on this photo.
From left to right, front, Judith is No. 1 in row 4.
I had not observed this picture until now, I am so happy I found it!





This is Judit from the photo above.














































fredag, december 30, 2011




I wish you all a HAPPY NEW YEAR!

New Year
is a traditional holiday celebrated at the start of the new year.
The world's different countries, cultures and religions are a number of different calendars, and the celebration of New Year is important not only for believers.

Usually, it has major festivals taking place over several days before and after the New Year. New Year may have given in this year's rhythm, such as the vernal equinox March 20 to 21, parties to welcome the spring, or take a purely religious affiliation.
In earlier times, before the restaurants with their tempting menus, took over.
How we celebrated the New Year? By Christmas food there was left, so the table was laid it out the same dishes at Christmas. In southern Sweden, it was not unusual that they gave each other gifts, sometimes instead of Christmas presents.


Today's tradition to watch the New Year was originally something that is, primarily, engaged in the upper class and young people. Through radio "nyårsvakor", this tradition became widespread and today it is probably extremely few Swedes can think of a new year but to watch the 12-blow.
Like Christmas Eve, New Year's Eve was an important day for anyone who wanted to know something about the future.
A common way to prediction of the new year – or "nyårstyda" as it was also called – was to cast in lead or Tin.
Had the molded lead shape of a crown, it was a sign that they would be married.
Other ways to find out who would be even to the next one could get if you "curtsied three times before nyårsnyet" (new moon) while saying eg "Whose shirt should I sew, whose cake should I bake, whose wife shall I be?" That magic at New Year, to some extent still lives reflected in the claim that a promise given at the New Year is a promise that is more binding than the promises made at different times during the year.






The night of New Year's Eve 31 December and New Year's Day January 1 and midnight regarded as the transition from the old year to the new.
While Christmas is a holiday celebrated with family, it is common to New Year's Eve, a New Year party or dinner with friends. This feast or dinner use to be a little more exclusive than usual and they are often dressed up.
Just before midnight yesterday festival participants often went out to some place where you can fire off their own fireworks or watch others, or you can go the window or on the balcony to see the fireworks. It is also common to have champagne to be opened and drunk just on the stroke of midnight.
Minute before midnight is count down ... and on the stroke of midnight shout "Happy New Year!" Open the champagne and toasts. It is also common to ships in port signal exactly at midnight. When the fireworks fade out and the champagne is finished, which usually takes 10-15 minutes usually retreat to a party room in order to continue to spend another couple of hours.

It is quite common to give New Year’s resolution.
A New Year's resolution usually be about to start doing something (for example, start exercising or to start learning a new language), or stop doing something (such as quitting smoking).







Most of the fireworks for sale to private individuals in Sweden are used during New Year's Eve. Fireworks really requires police permission, but at times when you can expect fireworks (eg New Year, Easter and Walpurgis Night) is not normally needed permission, unless it involves a risk of harm or poses a significant disturbance.
It sometimes happens that someone injured in connection with the release of the fireworks, often this is because alcohol was involved and that security methods is ignored.
Each year there are approximately 300 people who seek emergency room because of injuries from fireworks. Fireworks that go wrong can also cause fires, and it is not uncommon for the fire department will turn out just after midnight. ".

Just before midnight recited parts of Edward Fredin translation of Alfred Tennyson's poem "Nyårsklockan" ("Ring Out, Wild Bells") to Solliden stage at Skansen, something that has been made since the 1895th. The years 1934-1955 was also the recitation of radio, and since 1977 it has been sent by SVT. Reciters has among others been Anders de Wahl, George Rydberg, Jarl Kulle, Margareta Krook and Jan Malmsjö.
Other TV programs associated with New Year's is Countess and the servant ( “Grevinnan och Betjänten” or “Dinner for one”) who is sent on the evening of December 31, and in the afternoon on January 1 and a New Year's concert, performed by the Wiener Philharmoniker.




























This is Edvard Fredin and Alfred Tennyson

Poem
Ring out, wild bells, to the wild sky,
The flying cloud, the frosty light;
The year is dying in the night;
Ring out, wild bells, and let him die.

Ring out the old, ring in the new,
Ring, happy bells, across the snow:
The year is going, let him go;
Ring out the false, ring in the true.

Ring out the grief that saps the mind,
For those that here we see no more,
Ring out the feud of rich and poor,
Ring in redress to all mankind.

Ring out a slowly dying cause,
And ancient forms of party strife;
Ring in the nobler modes of life,
With sweeter manners, purer laws.

Ring out the want, the care, the sin,
The faithless coldness of the times;
Ring out, ring out thy mournful rhymes,
But ring the fuller minstrel in.

Ring out false pride in place and blood,
The civic slander and the spite;
Ring in the love of truth and right,
Ring in the common love of good.

Ring out old shapes of foul disease,
Ring out the narrowing lust of gold;
Ring out the thousand wars of old,
Ring in the thousand years of peace.

Ring in the valiant man and free,
The larger heart the kindlier hand;
Ring out the darkness of the land,
Ring in the Christ that is to be.



This is some delicious cookies!
They're perfect to have at hand in the freezer!
And obviously - you can use any jam you like.

Raspberry thumbprint cookies
Hallongrottor

makes 40

240 g flour
55 g potato flour (potato starch)
90 g sugar
2 tbsp vanilla sugar (or the seeds of one vanilla bean)
1 tsp baking powder
1/2 tsp salt
200 g unsalted butter, cold
50-100 ml raspberry jam

Mix all the dry ingredients - everything but the butter, and the jam. Dice the butter, add it and work quickly into a smooth dough. It's easiest using a stand mixer or a food processor, but it can be done by hand, too. Don't overwork it!

Divide the dough into 40 equal parts - mine weighed between 15-17 gram.
Roll each into a small ball, and place in a small paper cup.
Press with a fingertip to make a small well in each cookie.
Fill with a little bit of jam.

Bake at 200°C for 10-12 minutes.

måndag, december 26, 2011

Annandag Jul / Den helige Stefanos dag
Staffansmäss/ St. Stephen's Day.
These are different names on the day after Christmas day.







In Sweden is "Annandag Jul" , just as Christmas Day, a holiday.
In Norway, it is called "Andre juledag" and in Denmark "Anden juledag".
In the U.S. there is not "Annandag Jul" as the general federal holiday.




Ris a la Malta.
Ris a la Malta is a dessert that is often eaten at Christmas in Sweden.
The name is probably a corruption of dance influence Risalamande, which in turn can be traced to the French influence Riz à l'amanda = "rice with almonds." It consists of cold rice pudding and mixed with whipped cream and flavored with sugar and vanillin-/vaniljsocker.
The decorated sometimes with canned mandarin segments or the like.
A variation on the right called "Apelsinris".
In addition to the above mixed in concentrated orange juice and / or cut orange pieces. Sometimes excluded vanilla sugar.
The rice can be served natural internationally, with nuts, juice, soup, jam, apple sauce or a sweet berry compote (for example, cherry or apricot).


Recepie :
Ingredients:
1 1/2 cups water
1 Tbsp. butter
1/2 tsp. salt
1 cup short-grained, glutinous rice
4 1/2 cups milk
.
1 1/2 cups heavy cream
1 Tbsp. vanilla sugar or 1 tsp. vanilla extract
1/2 cup sugar
1 tsp. freshly ground cardamom or ground cinnamon
(1 cup chopped almonds )

Preparation:
Use first five ingredients to prepare rice porridge.
Allow to cool, refrigerated, for at least three hours or overnight.
Stir together heavy cream, vanilla sugar (or vanilla extract), sugar, and cardamom.
Whip until stiff peaks form.
Fold whipped cream mixture and almonds into cold rice porridge.
Pour into pretty bowl and refrigerate 1 hour.
Serve with Fruit sauce, Juice soup or Juices Cream.
Yield: 5-6 servings of rice pudding.







Fruit sauce is a simple dessert that is usually served hot or cold to risgryns-/mannagrynspudding, cheesecake, Ris à la Malta or rice pudding.
Fruit sauce made ​​of the juice of such strawberries, raspberries or blackcurrants or mixed juice, which is diluted with water and cooked with potato flour or arrowroot. A preliminary study on arrowroot gives a clear sauce, while potato flour gives a dull sauce. Fruit sauce is often confused with juice soup.
Juice soup contains the same ingredients as fruit sauce, but a higher proportion of water. It is served hot or cold and like rosehip soup, as is, or with such crusts.
Juices Cream contains the same ingredients as above but requires more precision and routine to get the right taste and texture. Juices Cream served cold or warm with cold milk.



söndag, december 25, 2011

Christmas Day Peace


Christmas Day
is one of the truly great feast days, for many the greatest, of Christendom,
celebrating Jesus' birth.
According to most Christian denominations falls on December 25. As part of Christmas celebrations in Sweden days, however, of secondary importance when most Christmas celebrations take place already on Christmas Eve.
But with more and more broken families, the Christmas Day in many cases, been the day you visit the branch of the family who do not participate in the Christmas Eve celebration.
Many go to church on Christmas morning or in the solemn Mass celebrated on the night of Christmas Eve and Christmas Day.
In most countries, Christmas Day, the day they celebrate Christmas the most.



It is common to celebrate midnight mass in church on Christmas night, and sometimes you go over there and have torches in your hands.


fredag, december 23, 2011



CHRISTMAS IN SWEDEN







Jultomten / Santa Claus






Santa Claus and Christmas


Santa Claus is known worldwide as the kind, elderly man who brings presents to children. Santa Claus will be used in a massive scale as a commercial eye catcher, especially after 1930, when Coca-Cola for the first time him in their commercials.
There he had a big white beard, black boots, a big red coat and an infectious laugh. Just as we know and love him today.

The Tomte was a kind of shadow farmer with supernatural powers who made sure that the farm has good luck with it.
He was often considered the first man who grew up at the farm, and are not going to rest after death, but always have to make sure "his" yard. He appeared reluctant, but is described as an older man and less than people (exactly how small ranges), often with a white beard, black clothes and hood. It was important to keep in with him and do not annoy him in any way.
The Tomte had a surly temper and could retaliate if such misbehaving animals or treated him disrespectfully. Above all, he kept watch over the animals in the stables and barn.
In gratitude for his work gave the site a bowl of porridge. According to a later tradition, he would be particularly fond of rice pudding (sötgröt), which therefore also called the "Tomte"- porridge.
Stories include how he in anger kills a cow when he gets a pat of butter in his porridge, or how he is rewarded with new clothes, which, however, means that he considers himself too fine to continue with their work.
It also says something about peasant society's values ​​to the Tomte, the farm's protective nature, is a man, while the witch, wilderness protection essence, is a woman.

The Tomte has a lot in common with "vätten". Both belong to "oknyttens" crowd and stated, for example, to keep the memorial tree, and "gårdsvätten" is another name.


Christmas Decorations
Christmas decorations have been around since the old Christmas markets in Germany during the 1600s. It was especially Santas that were used to decorate Christmas decorations, that is, sugar sticks, gingerbread and other Christmas candy. In the 1800s, became many other Christmas decorations widespread. At that time, especially Christmas decorations made ​​of tracing paper, colored tissue paper, these Christmas decorations that could contain small cute things like nuts, cookies, raisins or fruit.





Christmas traditions
Christmas is a wonderful holiday filled with lots of food, gifts and a whole world of Christmas traditions. Christmas traditions as we know them today, slowly took shape during the 1500s, when the special food in Europe in connection with Christmas.
Today, Swedish Christmas traditions a mixture of hundreds of different Christmas traditions from all over Europe. The most basic of all Christmas traditions is probably that in line with the Christian faith, will there be peace on earth, the night that Jesus was born. It is the foundation for all other Christmas traditions.


OATMEAL AND ALMOND
Almond in the porridge is not a very old Christmas tradition, it was not until the 1800s that it became customary to add almond in rice pudding. Whoever got the almonds would perform a rhyme. There was even jocular suggestion that the one that got the almonds would be married in the near future. Rice pudding was the first one lyxvariant of vitgröt which was the usual Christmas porridge. In time, rice pudding more common than the white flour porridge. Porridge was often served with a dollop of butter. It was according to tradition very important not saved in the butter in the plot grötfat. On the whole of that Christmas is a blend of tradition and exoticism. Christmas traditions old familiar menus extended with exotic news.





Swedish Rice Porridge (Risgrynsgröt)


Ingredients:
2 cups water
½ teaspoon salt
1 tablespoon butter
1 cup rice (short-grain rice such as pearl rice or arborio rice)
4 1/3 cups milk
cinnamon stick
(1 tablespoon sugar)
Method:
Bring up to the water to a boil in a heavy pot with salt, butter and a cinnamon stick.
Add the rice, cover and simmer on low heat for 10 minutes.
Add the milk, and bring to a boil.
Lower the temperature to your lowest setting,
cover with a lid and cook for about 30 minutes.
Preferably don’t stir until the porridge is ready.
Add sugar to taste.


Christmas Cookies

115 g butter, soft
115 g sugar
1 egg
175 g flour
0,5 tsp baking soda
55 g glace cherries, chopped
55 g citrus peel
55 g sultanas
dark chocolate, melted

Preheat the oven to 190C.
Beat butter and sugar until fluffy.
Beat in the egg.
Add the flour an baking soda and mix to a soft dough.
Mix together cherries, citrus peel, and sultanas.
Stir half into the dough.
Place 18 heaped spoonfuls of dough onto baking tray, spaced well apart.
Sprinkle with rest of the the fruit.
Bake for 10-12 minutes until pale golden.
Leave to cool completely.
Drizzle melted chocolate over each cookie.






Goat
For an old-fashioned Christmas is sweet straw decorations,
these are hung on the Christmas tree and in the windows.
The traditional straw goat is obvious.






A swedish "vätte".






My Aunt Sonja
December 23, 1919
April 4, 1970







tisdag, december 20, 2011



My Grandmother
Judith Andersson

December 21, 1888
January 28, 1965






This is Judith, her husband Axel and their first child Ella.
Ella was born December 20, 1915. Perhaps this photo is from her fathers birthday, in May 16, 1916...He was born 1879 and should be 37 years old at this time.




This is Judith and other ladies from the village of Södra Säm, where they all lived.
I think there are ladies who like to get together and knit and crochet and other needlework.




This is from a journey as they did, I don't know what year it is.




This is Judith and her son´s Hugo ( my father ) and Gunnar.
I am sure it is Judith's birthday, but I don't really know what year it is, perhaps, 1964 ...

My aunt Ella



December 20, 1915
March 18, 2009






Ella, their mother Judith, Astrid and Gunnar.

söndag, december 18, 2011

LUCIA December 13
















The Lucia tradition can be traced back both to St Lucia of Syracuse, a martyr who died in 304, and to the Swedish legend of Lucia as Adam’s first wife. It is said that she consorted with the Devil and that her children were invisible infernals. Thus the name may be associated with both lux (light) and Lucifer (Satan), and its origins are difficult to determine. The present custom appears to be a blend of traditions.

In the old almanac, Lucia Night was the longest of the year. It was a dangerous night when supernatural beings were abroad and all animals could speak. By morning, the livestock needed extra feed. People, too, needed extra nourishment and were urged to eat seven or nine hearty breakfasts. This kind of feasting presaged the Christmas fast, which began on Lucia Day.

The last person to rise that morning was nicknamed ‘Lusse the Louse’ and often given a playful beating round the legs with birch twigs. The slaughtering and threshing were supposed to be over by Lucia and the sheds to be filled with food in preparation for Christmas. In agrarian Sweden, young people used to dress up as Lucia figures (lussegubbar) that night and wander from house to house singing songs and scrounging for food and schnapps.

The first recorded appearance of a Lucia in Sweden was in a country house in 1764. The custom did not become universally popular in Swedish society until the 20th century, when schools and local associations in particular began promoting it. The old lussegubbar custom virtually disappeared with urban migration, and Lucias with their singing processions were considered a more acceptable, controlled form of celebration than the youthful carousals of the past. Stockholm proclaimed its first Lucia in 1927. The custom whereby Lucia serves coffee and buns (lussekatter) dates back to the 1880s, although the buns were around long before that.



More info about Lucia here : http://www.sweden.se/eng/Home/Lifestyle/Traditions/Celebrating-the-Swedish-way/Lucia/


Saffron Buns
Lucia Buns
Makes 20 large ones

100 g fresh yeast
400 ml milk, full-fat
100 ml cream (35-40% fat)
200 g butter
1-1,5 g saffron
200 ml sugar
1 tsp salt
1 egg
1 kilo white flour

Decoration:
1 egg, beaten
raisins

Crumble the yeast into the bowl of your stand mixer (or a regular bowl, if making this by hand). Melt the butter, then add the milk and the cream and heat until it's about 37°C - it should just barely feel warm to the touch. Add this to the yeast and stir until it has dissolved.

Put the saffron with a pinch of sugar in your pestle and mortar, and mix well. Add to the dough, along with salt, sugar, the egg and most of the flour. Work into a smooth and silky dough - it will look pretty sticky, so add the rest of the flour, but don't worry if it's still sticky. It's supposed to be. It shouldn't stick to your fingers though.
Transfer the dough to a clean bowl, and leave to rise, covered, for 45 minutes. Then it's time to shape the dough. I started by dividing the dough into equal portions, using digital kitchen scales. I like my lucia buns fairly large - that, again, helps counter any dryness. The traditional shape is as you can see in the photo below a fairly tight "s". Place raisins in the middle of the swirls on each side.

Place on a cookie sheet, cover, and let the buns rise for about 15 minutes. Brush with a beaten egg, and bake at 200°C for 8-10 minutes.





This is a painting from 1908 made of Carl Larsson.
"Welcome to the house
of Carl Larsson and his spouse. "

söndag, december 11, 2011

Johan August Johnson, where did he go??



Johan August Johnson, my grandmothers brother,
where did he go??


He was born Nov. 11, 1867 in Borås, Älvsborgs county, Sweden.
He emigrated to South Bend, America June 1891
and with him was his sister Jenny Amalia, born March 12, 1874.

Jennie Amalia married Andrew G. Chilberg in South Bend July 21, 1894.
Andrew G. Chilberg emigrated in 1883 from Kila, Värmlands county.
In Sweden his name was: Anders Gustaf Kilberg.

They got three children:
Pearl Edith, June 27, 1895 - Sept. 28, 1973.
Alva Victoria, May 16, 1898 - Dec. 26, 1985.
Arthur Valdemar, Febr. 6, 1905 - Febr. 22, 1955.
They all lived in South Bend. They were members of the GLORIA DEI LUTHERAN CHURCH.

I have not been able to find Johan August as a member there....

This is from the Passenger list 1891.
Johan Aug. J. Svensson is nr. 6 and Jenny Amalia Svensson is nr. 7.
They were called Svensson since their fathers name was Johannes.
I do know both Jennie and the brother Emil called themselves Johnson in USA.
I think maybe Johan August called himself: John August Johnson...?






This is Jennie Amalia.




The photo was taken by a photographer in Ulricehamn and it should be from just before she emigrated.

This is Jennie Amalia Chilberg´s grandchild.
Jeanne Enid Derbeck, born July 14, 1920,South Bend, dead Dec. 12, 1994 South Bend.
She was Arts writer of South Bend Tribune.



Jennie Amalia and Johan August had a brother, Emil Johnson, born Aug. 7, 1865.
He emigrated in April 1882.



This is his family: wife Louise and the daughters:
Pearl Elaine, April 23, 1892 - July 3, 1974.
and Amy Violet, Oct. 20, 1898 - June 1987.
They lived in Michigan.